According to the dictionary, biodiversity is the variety of plant or animal life in a particular environment that is important and necessary for it to thrive. This means that the ecosystems in which the animals, plants and even micro-organisms live work well together. How does this work in organic farming? Let’s take a look…
Why biodiversity is important
Some plants are important for animals, insects and other creatures – even some weeds are necessary for some species to live. In conventional farming pesticides and fertilisers are used, making the environment unfriendly and even unlivable to many of these creatures. Besides creating a hostile environment for creatures, the lack of biodiversity can also have a long-term effect on the quality and fertility of the soil.
How organic farming promotes biodiversity
By removing harsh farming methods, other plant and animal life can thrive, as it was meant to be before we started poisoning our world. At organic farms animal manure, multi-cultural crops and crop rotation create a better habitat and so helps promote biodiversity.
Benefits of biodiversity
Although some organic farms give lower yields (not all, as discussed in other blogs), a lot more wildlife is harboured. The wild plants that are found around organic farms benefit the wildlife, whereby conventional farming does everything possible to get rid of everything and anything that hampers yield. Research has shown the importance of bees to the eco-health of the planet and organic farming is helping to maintain and even restore bee populations. But bees are not the only important creatures. Although they may not look like much, earthworms play a very important role in naturally improving soil by aerating it. With organic farming, these creatures survive and can continue their jobs of helping to keep soil fertile for generations to come.